How Premenstrual Syndrome Affects Women
Women begin to familiarize the discomforts that they are experiencing when they are on their monthly period. However, if one starts to experience uncomfortable bloating that eventually develops into severe cramping associated with encumbering headache prior to your menses and these symptoms appear on succeeding periods as a part of your normal cycle, you are experiencing the indicators of premenstrual syndrome.
Premenstrual syndrome, or simply PMS, is a collection of physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms that a woman experiences during her menstrual cycle. Three out of four women experiences premenstrual syndrome, and it tends to peak in late 20s and early 30s. Usually, a normal woman of her child-bearing age experiences physical symptoms that are caused by ovulatory function of her reproductive system prior to menses. However, emotional symptoms are heightened mainly due to anxiety of experiencing the discomfort prior to menses. Physical symptoms include breast tenderness, uncomfortable bloating, headache, constipation, and acne; psychological and emotional symptoms include dysphoria or unhappiness, mood swings, anxiety, stress, and evident changes in libido. These signs and symptoms are evident on the luteal phase of menstruation, which is approximately ten days prior to menses.
Experiencing premenstrual syndrome among women may be uncomfortable to endure, and any woman won’t have to let these symptoms control their lives. You can take certain medications provided that it was prescribed by your doctor. Therefore, you seek consultation with your doctor first before doing medical interventions. Medications such as serotonin serum reuptake inhibitors can combat depression, fatigue, food cravings and sleep disturbances. For pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs can be taken in. Oral contraceptives might be prescribed to normalize the hormone levels in the body.
Also, there are certain adjustments a woman can utilize to promote comfort and reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. For those women experiencing mild symptoms, one should be instructed with lifestyle modification, such as healthy diet, exercise, avoiding caffeine and sodium intake, and stress management. Women having moderate symptoms may take medications such as calcium supplements and evening primrose oil, and must be accompanied with lifestyle adjustments
To sum it up, being mindful in recognizing PMS symptoms is important for a woman to control and prevent the symptoms during their period. Remember to live a healthy life, modify diet intake and exercise regularly. Some doctors might recommend keeping a daily track on your monthly period through a journal to know the timing of the symptoms to occur.